• Spasticity: a tightening of muscles in the limbs caused by neurological conditions affecting the central nervous system; affects those who have suffered from stroke, cerebral palsy and multiple sclerosis
• Measurement of the effects of botulinum toxin and function in patient with spasticity
Areas of Expertise
• Rehabilitative Medicine
• Bachelor of Physiotherapy; Diploma in Rehabilitation for Physiotherapists (India)
• PhD, University of Florida
• Post-doctoral fellowships: University of Florida and Queen’s University
• Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto
• Adjunct, Professor, Faculty of Health, York University
Sample of publications
Physician Preferences for Botulinum Toxin Injections in Anticoagulated Patients with Spasticity.
Kassam A, Phadke CP, Ismail F, Boulias C.
Can J Neurol Sci. 2016 Jul;43(4):581-3. doi: 10.1017/cjn.2015.397. Epub 2016 Mar 4.
• Patient-identified factors that influence spasticity in people with stroke and multiple sclerosis receiving botulinum toxin injection treatments. Cheung J, Rancourt A, Di Poce S, Levine A, Hoang J, Ismail F, Boulias C, Phadke CP. Physiother Can. 2015 Spring;67(2):157-66. doi: 10.3138/ptc.2014-07. PMID: 25931667
• The impact of post-stroke spasticity and botulinum toxin on standing balance: a systematic review. Phadke CP, Ismail F, Boulias C, Gage W, Mochizuki G.
Expert Rev Neurother. 2014 Mar;14(3):319-27. doi: 10.1586/14737175.2014.887443. Epub 2014 Feb 10. Review. PMID: 24506569